The Mexican American Legislative Caucus (MALC) was founded in 1973 in the Texas House of Representatives by a small group of lawmakers of Mexican American heritage for the purpose of strengthening their numbers and better representing a united Latino constituency across the state. MALC is the oldest and largest Latino legislative caucus in the United States.
In the 1990s, recognizing the growth of the Hispanic population in Texas and anticipating a new ethnic majority, MALC opened membership eligibility to House members of any race or ethnicity who represent majority-Latino constituencies.
In 2023, MALC has a membership of 38 House members from all parts of the state, and is the oldest and largest Latino legislative caucus in the nation. Nearly half of MALC membership is in a committee leadership role. MALC members vote as a bloc on consequential matters for Latino constituents.